History talks much about the 1954 transplant between Richard and Ronald Herrick, identical twins. What skips the public consciousness is the attempts and failures that preceded it. Below is only one example:
In 1952, at the Necker Hospital in Paris, N. Oeconomos and J. Hamburger transplanted the first kidney in the world to be removed from a voluntary living donor, the mother of the young recipient .
This transplant was performed in emergency because the recipient’s congenitally single kidney had to be removed to keep under control a posttrauma hemorrhage. The transplanted kidney functioned well for the first 21 days, when suddenly he became anuric.
Read the entire thing here.